Node.js is getting increasingly popular among developers, to the point where some developers call Node.js their primary choice for backend development. In this article, we review the 12 best Node.js web frameworks that we rate according to their popularity and unique toolkits for time and cost-efficiency.
Is Node.js a web framework?
What are Node.js web frameworks?
Every web application technology offers different types of frameworks, all supporting a specific use case in the development lifecycle. Node.js web frameworks come in three types – Full-Stack Model-View-Controller (MVC), MVC, and REST API web frameworks.
Node.js web framework features
- API of Node.js is asynchronous. You can use the Node.js server to move after a data request, rather than waiting for the API to return the information.
- The code execution process of Node.js is faster compared to the reverse backend framework.
- Node.js runs on a single-threaded model.
- With Node.js web framework developers never face buffering issues because it transfers information by parts.
- It is supported by Google’s Node.js runtime environment.
Through these features, it is clear to understand why developers more often choose Node.js for Backend development. Let’s take a closer look at each Node.js web framework.
Github repo: https://github.com/nestjs/nest
Github stars: 47400
NestJS is object-oriented and functional-reactive programming (FRP), widely used for developing enterprise-level dynamic and scalable web solutions, being well featured with extensive libraries.
- Modern CLI
- functional-reactive programming
- Multiple easy-to-use external libraries
- Straightforward Angular compatibility
NestJS has a clean and modular architecture pattern aiding developers to build scalable and maintainable applications with ease.
Pros of NestJS:
- Powerful but super friendly to work with
- Fast development
- Easy to understand documentation
- Angular style syntax for the backend
- NodeJS ecosystem
- Its easy to understand since it follows angular syntax
- Good architecture
- Integrates with Narwhal Extensions
- Typescript makes it well integrated in vscode
- Graphql support easy
- Easily integrate with others external extensions
Github repo: https://github.com/expressjs/express
Github stars: 57200
ExpressJS is minimalistic, asynchronous, fast, and powerful and was launched in 2010. It’s beginner-friendly thanks to a low learning curve that requires only a basic understanding of the Node.js environment and programming skills. ExpressJS optimises client-to-server requests and observed user interaction via an API very quickly, and also helps you manage high-speed I/O operations.
Why use ExpressJS:
- Enhanced content coordination
- MVC architecture pattern
- HTTP helpers
- Asynchronous programming to support multiple independent operations
ExpressJS offers templating, robust routing, security and error handling, making it suitable for building enterprise or browser-based applications.
Pros of ExpressJS :
- High performance
- Robust routing
- Open source
- Great community
- Hybrid web applications
- Well documented
- Light weight
Github repo: https://github.com/meteor/meteor
Github stars: 42900
Meteor is an open-source framework that was launched in 2012 that works best for teams who want to develop in a single language, being a full-featured Node.js web framework. Meteor is ideal for modern real-time applications as it facilitates instant data transfer between server and client.
Why use Meteor:
- Cross-platform web framework
- Rapid prototyping using the CLI
- Extensive community support and open-source code
- End-to-end solution
- Seamless integration with other frameworks
Pros of Meteor :
- Full stack, one language
- Best app dev platform available today
- Data synchronization
- Focus on your product not the plumbing
- Hot code pushes
- Open source
- Live page updates
- Latency compensation
- Ultra-simple development environment
- Great for beginners
- Smart Packages
Github repo: https://github.com/koajs/koa
Github stars: 32700
Koa has been called the next-generation Node.js web framework, and it’s one of the best of the bunch. Koa uses a stack-based approach to handling HTTP mediators, which makes it a great option for easy API development. Koa is similar to ExpressJS, so it’s fairly easy to switch from either one. Despite the same features and flexibility, Koa reduces the complexity of writing code even more.
Why use Koa:
- Multi-level customisation
- Considered a lightweight version of ExpressJS
- Supplied with cascading middleware ( user experience personalisation)
- Node mismatch normalization
- Cleans caches and supports content and proxy negotiation
Use Koa when performance is the main focus of your web application. Koa is ahead of ExpressJS in some scenarios, so you can use it for large-scale projects.
Pros of Koa :
- REST API
Github stars: 55900
Why use socket.io:
- Binary support
- Multiplexing support
- Auto-reconnection support
- Auto-correction and error detection
The socket is a great choice when building real-time applications like video conferencing, chat rooms and multiplayer games with servers being required to send data out before it’s requested from the client-side.
Pros of socket :
- Event-based communication
- Open source
- Binary streaming
- No internet dependency
- Large community
Github repo: https://github.com/totaljs/
Github stars: n/a
TotalJS is a web framework that offers a CMS-like user experience and has almost all the functionality you need in a Node.js environment. The framework is a full open-source framework that provides developers with the ultimate flexibility. There are various options available for the framework, e.g. CMS, and HelpDesk. Through these options, your application will have more integration possibilities with the REST service and hyper-fast, low-maintenance, stable applications.
TotalJS is most well-known for its real-time, high-precision tracking in modern applications.
Pros of TotalJS:
- Tracking in real-time
- API Testing
- Automatic project discovery
- Compatibility with multiple databases
- Flexibility to work with different frontend frameworks
- Fast development and low cost of maintenance
Github repo: https://github.com/balderdashy/sails
Github stars: 22247
Pros of SailsJS:
- REST API auto-generation
- Multiple security policies
- Frontend agnosticism
- Object Relational Mapping for framework databases compatibility
- Supports ExpressJS integration for HTTP requests and socket.io for WebSockets
Github repo: https://github.com/feathersjs/feathers
Github stars: 14000
FeathersJS is gaining popularity between website and application developers because it provides flexibility in development with react native as well as Node.js. It is a framework of microservices because it operates with more than one database, providing real-time functionality. FeathersJS makes it easier for web developers to code concretely and understandably.
Pros of FeathersJS:
- Reusable services
- Modern CLI
- Automated RESTful APIs
- Authentication and authorization plugins by default
Github repo: https://github.com/hapijs/hapi
Github stars: 13900
Hapi is an open-source framework for web applications. It is well-known for proxy server development as well as REST APIs and some other desktop applications since the framework is robust and security-rich. It has a wealth of built-in plugins, therefore this means you don’t have to worry about running non-official middleware.
Pros of Hapi:
- Extensive and scalable applications
- Low overhead
- Secure default settings
- Rich ecosystem
- Quick and easy bug fixes
- Compatible with multiple databases
- Compatible with Rest API and HTTPS proxy applications
- Caching, authentication and input validation by default
Github repo: https://github.com/adonisjs/core
Github stars: 12600
AdonisJS is a Model-View-Controller Node.js web framework based on a structural template repeating Laravel. The framework decreases the time required for development by focusing on core details such as out of the box web socket support, development speed and performance, lifecycle dependency management, and built-in modules for data validation, mailing, and authentication. Command-based coding structure and the interface is easy for developers to understand. The Node.js web framework uses the concepts of dependency injections through IoC or control inversion. It offers developers an organized structure for accessing all the components of the framework.
Pros of AdonisJS:
- Organised template with folder structure
- Easy user input validation.
- Ability to write custom functional testing scripts
- Support for Lucid object-relational mapping.
- Threat protection such as cross-site forgery protection
Github repo: https://github.com/loopbackio/loopback-next
Github stars: 4200
Loopback provides the best connection with any Node.js web framework and can be integrated with multiple API services. You can best use the platform to build REST APIs with minimal lead time. Loopback offers outstanding flexibility, interfacing with a broad range of browsers, devices, databases, and services. Framework’s structured code helps support application modules and speed of development. Loopback has the best documentation, allowing even beginners to work with it.
Pros of Loopback:
- Comprehensive support for networked applications
- The built-in client API explorer
- High extensibility
- Multiple database support
- Clean and modular code
- Full-stack development
- Data storage, third-party access, and user management
Loopback is designed solely for creating powerful end-to-end APIs and handling requests for them.
Github repo: https://github.com/derbyjs/derby
Github stars: 4622
DerbyJS is a full-stack web application development platform powered by Node.js technology. This framework uses the Model-View-Controller architecture with an easy-to-write nomenclature for coding. This framework is great for building real-time web applications since it allows essentially the same code to work on Node.js and in the browser. That way, you don’t have to worry about writing separate codes for the view part. DerbyJS decreases the delay in content delivery by rendering a client-side view on the server. Performing this makes the application SEO-friendly and improves the user experience.
Pros of DerbyJS:
- Support for Racer Engine
- Real-time conversion for data synchronization
- Offline use and conflict resolution support
- Version control
- Client-side and server-side code sharing
- Rendering client-side views on the server-side